CBSE Model Question Papers Format for 2023 Exams

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has recently released the model question papers for classes 10 and 12 for 2023. These are available in online mode as pdf documents. You can get access to the model question papers from the official website of the CBSE (

This post covers everything you should know about the question paper format, the subjects covered, and highlights of the exam pattern. Hop in to get more details.

What is the Central Board of Secondary Education?

Central Board of Secondary Education is the apex body of school education at the national level in India. CBSE network includes both public and private schools headed by an inclusive system running on academic and educational innovation techniques.

CBSE promotes a standardized curriculum program that is open to above twenty-four countries across the globe. The education system under CBSE is crucial in developing the holistic well-being of a student and empowers them with the support of a robust and vibrant model.

Highlights of CBSE Class 10 & 12 Exam Pattern 2023

Listed below are some of the highlights and salient points of the CBSE exam pattern for classes 10 & 12.


Conducting Authority

The entity of authority that conducts the exams is CBSE, the national leader board in Indian school education. The idea of the board here is to help students get a better idea about the types of questions and modifications in the exam patterns.



The categories covered in the published set include sample question papers and model question formats for classes 10 and 12 to help the students prepare for the 2023 CBSE exams. You can also learn about the marking schemes, revised exam patterns, and upcoming board exam details.


Question Paper Pattern

The question paper pattern for CBSE model papers includes different sections classified into A, B, C, D, etc. Each section carries a specific set of questions and designated marks that weigh in the overall score distribution.


Maximum Marks

The maximum mark that a student can earn for answering all model questions correctly is 80. This includes brief and correct answers for short answer questions and suitably described essays for long answer questions. Some question papers include a total mark of 70.


Total Duration

The time duration that a candidate will get for clearing the exam is 3 hours. A 3-hour time frame is the same as that of the public board exams too.


Official Website

You can get all this information and download the question papers in pdf mode from the CBSE website. The website address links are and

CBSE Class 10 & 12 Assessment Policy 2023

Gone are the days of the term-wise assessment for CBSE board exams. The new CBSE assessment policy for classes 10 and 12 for the year 2023 is different. The board finals exam that is going to be conducted at the end of the academic year will mark the only valuation scheme.


For the single annual exam, each paper will carry a maximum weightage of 100 marks, with 80 for exam questions and the remaining 20 marks for internal assessment.



The syllabus for CBSE class 10 includes numerous language papers, twelve academic electives, and core subject curriculums. For class 12 also, these subjects apply except for academic electives.

The core subjects in these categories are mathematics, science, social science, applied mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, biotechnology, accountancy, business studies, computer science, economics, engineering graphics, entrepreneurship, geography, history, home science, etc.


Internal Assessments & Projects for Class 12

The internal assessments and project evaluations for class 12 happen in the following areas of health and physical education, work experience, and general studies. All projects will serve as stepping stones to help you proceed with your journey in selecting the higher studies courses.


Internal Assessments for Class 10

For the class 10 syllabus in 2022-23, the internal assessment and project subjects include health and physical education, work experience, and art education. The project papers are arranged in such a way as to provide adequate scope and value to serve as the foundation of your intermediate exams.


Question Paper Format for Class 12

The question paper formats deserve special mention as these classifications and patterns are crucial to developing your expertise in handling the board finals. The class 12 format consists of objective type, subjective type, and competency-based questions.


 » Objective Questions


 The objective-type questions will carry a weightage of 20% in the marks aggregation process.


 » Competency-based Questions


Competency-based questions will include multiple-choice questions (MCQs), case studies, and source-based integrated questions. The minimum mark weightage for this question segment is 30%.


» Subjective or Short/Long Answer Questions


As for subjective type questions, the existing pattern will follow with at least 50% of the marks weightage coming under the short or long answer questions category.


 Question Paper Format Class 10


The class 10 syllabus question pattern involves objective and subjective questions that amount to 80 (100 – 20 internal assessment)total marks. The board exam question paper type in this model applies to all the relevant subjects.


» Objective Questions


Objective-type questions in CBSE class 10 cover 60% weightage of the aggregate marks. This includes 20% of competency-based questions and 40% of multiple choice questions (MCQs).


» Subjective Questions


The subjective questions for CBSE class 10 account for 40% of aggregate marks weightage and include both short-answer and long-answer questions.


All the question paper score formats and exam pattern samples will help a student strategize and prepare for the board finals as per his/her abilities, skill, and learning capacity.

Subject Wise Mark Distribution

This section covers the subject-wise marks distribution in the model question papers for both CBSE classes 10 and 12. The aggregate marks needed to pass in any subject is 33%.


CBSE Class 12

For the CBSE class 12 pattern, the marking scheme involves 80 marks for theory plus 20 marks for internal assessment.


» Mathematics


For mathematics, the marks distribution is as follows:

  » Relations and functions – 8 marks

  » Algebra – 10 marks

  » Calculus – 35 marks

  » Vectors and 3-Dimensional Geometry – 14 marks

  » Linear Programming – 5 marks

  » Probability – 8 marks

  » Internal assessment – 20 marks


» Physics


For class 12 Physics, the marks distribution is as follows:

   » Electrostatics and Current electricity – 16 marks

  » Magnetic Effects and Electromagnetic induction and Alternating currents – 17 marks

  » Electromagnetic waves and Optics – 18 marks

  » Dual nature of radiation and matter and Atoms and nuclei – 12 marks

  » Electronic devices – 7 marks

  » Practical segments – 30 marks


» Chemistry


The marks distribution for Chemistry is as follows:

  » Solutions – 7 marks

  » Electrochemistry – 9 marks

  » Chemical kinetics – 7 marks

  » D- and f- block elements – 7 marks

  » Coordination compounds – 7 marks

  » Haloalkanes and haloarenes – 6 marks

  » Alcohols, phenols, and ethers – 6 marks

  » Aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids – 8 marks

  » Amines – 6 marks

  » Biomolecules – 7 marks

  » Practical sessions – 30 marks


» Biology


The Biology subject marks distribution is as follows:

  » Reproduction – 16 marks

  » Genetics and evolution – 20 marks

  » Biology and human welfare – 12 marks

  » Biotechnology and its applications – 12 marks

  » Ecology and environment – 10 marks

  » Practical total – 30 marks


» Biotechnology


For the Biotechnology subject, marks distribution is as below:

  » Protein and gene manipulation – 40 marks

  » Cell culture and genetic manipulation – 30 marks

  » Practicals – 30 marks


» Engineering Graphics


The subject Engineering graphics follow the below marks distribution:

  » Isometric projections of solids – 25 marks

  » Machine drawing – 45 marks

  » Practical – 30 marks


» Business Studies


For Business Studies, marks distribution follows the below pattern:

  » Principles and functions of management – 50 marks

  » Business finance and marketing – 30 marks

  » Project work – 20 marks


» Accountancy


For the Accountancy subject, the marks distribution is as follows:

  » Accounting for partnership firms and companies – 60 marks

  » Financial statement analysis – 20 marks

  » Project work – 20 marks


» Political Science


For the subject of Political Science, the marks distribution is as follows:

  » Contemporary world politics – 50 marks

  » Politics in India since Independence – 50 marks


» Legal Studies


For Legal studies subject, marks distribution includes:

  » Judiciary – 10 marks

  » Topics of law – 20 marks

  » Arbitration, tribunal adjudication, and alternative dispute resolution – 10 marks

  » Human rights in India – 10 marks

  » Legal profession in India – 10 marks

  » Legal services – 10 marks

  » International context – 10 marks

  » Project – 20 marks


» Economics


For Economics subject, the marks distribution is as follows:

  » Introductory macroeconomics – 40 marks

  » Indian economic development – 40 marks

  » Project work – 20 marks


» Sociology


The marks distribution for Sociology subject include:

  » Indian society – 40 marks

  » Social change and development in India – 40 marks

  » Internal assessment – 20 marks


» Psychology


In Psychology, the marks distribution follows:

  » Variations in psychological attributes – 13 marks

  » Self and personality – 13 marks

  » Meeting life challenges – 9 marks

  » Psychological disorders – 12 marks

  » Therapeutic approaches – 9 marks

  » Attitude and social cognition – 8 marks

  » Social influence and group processes – 6 marks

  » Practical – 30 marks


CBSE Class 10

For the CBSE class 10 pattern, the marking scheme involves 80 marks for theory plus 20 marks for internal assessment.


» Science


In Science subject, the marks distribution is as follows:

  » 20 questions for 1 mark

  » 6 questions for 2 marks

  » 7 questions for 3 marks

  » 3 questions for 4 marks

  » 3 questions for 5 marks

  » Internal assessment – 20 marks


» Elements of Book Keeping and Accountancy


For Elements of bookkeeping and accountancy, the pattern includes:

  » Capital and revenue – 8 marks

  » Depreciation – 12 marks

  » Bank reconciliation statement – 14 marks

  » Bills of exchange – 10 marks

  » Final accounts – 14 marks

  » Accounting from incomplete records – 12 marks

  » Project work – 30 marks


» Elements of Business


For the Elements of Business subject, the marks distribution pattern is:

  » Joint stock company – 10 marks

  » Sources of business finance – 10 marks

  » Communications in business organisations – 15 marks

  » Selling and distribution – 15 marks

  » Large-scale retail trade – 10 marks

  » Selling – 10 marks

  » Practical/project – 30 marks


» English (Language & Literature)


English subject marks weightage is listed below:

  » Reading skills – 20 marks

  » Writing skills with grammar – 20 marks

  » English literature – 40 marks

  » Internal assessment – 20 marks


» Hindi


The marks distribution pattern for Hindi is as follows:

  » Kritika – 30 marks

  » Kshitij – 50 marks

  » Internal assessment – 20 marks


» Home Science


In Home science for class 10, the distribution pattern of marks is listed below:

  » Human growth and development – 12 marks

  » Management of resources – 12 marks

  » Food and personal hygiene – 8 marks

  » Meal planning – 13 marks

  » Food safety and consumer education – 12 marks

  » Care and maintenance of fabrics and apparel – 13 marks

  » Practical – 30 marks


» Computer Applications


In Computer Applications, the marks distribution follows the below pattern:

  » Networking – 15 marks

  » HTML – 25 marks

  » Cyber ethics – 10 marks

  » Practicals – 50 marks


» Mathematics


The marks distribution for Mathematics is as follows:

  » 20 questions with 1 mark

  » 5 questions with 2 marks

  » 6 questions with 3 marks

  » 3 questions with 4 marks

  » 4 questions with 5 marks

  » Internal assessment – 20 marks


» Social Science


For Social science studies, marks distribution is as follows:

  » 20 questions carrying 1 mark each

  » 4 questions with 2 marks each

» 5 questions with 3 marks each

  » 5 questions with 5 marks each

  » 3 questions with 4 marks each

  » Internal assessment – 20 marks


» Malayalam


The marks distribution for Malayalam subject is as follows:

 » Reading comprehension, vocabulary building & MCQ – 40 marks

 » Grammar, composition & literature – 40 marks

  » Internal assessment – 20 marks




In the NCC course, the marks distribution is for the topics listed below:

  » Introduction to the NCC

  » National integration and awareness

  » Civil affairs

  » Drill

  » Weapon training

  » Adventure training

  » Personality development and leadership

  » Social awareness community development

  » Health and hygiene

  » Environment awareness and conservation

  » Specialized subjects – Unique for Army, Navy, and Air Force

CBSE Exam Registration

Students can register for their board exams by visiting the CBSE official website. All registration form details and application steps are available online. You have to carefully read and understand the guidelines before proceeding with the registration process.

CBSE Sample Question Paper 2023

The sample question papers released for the CBSE board 2023 are available on the official website.


CBSE Class 10

For CBSE class 10 sample question papers, the official board exam pattern is followed with weightage given to the mixed type of questions. The question types and marking schemes are the same as the actual board exam.


CBSE Class 12

The class 12 sample question papers follow the same pattern as that of its corresponding board exams. All the sample question papers include the correct answers and solutions.

CBSE Previous Year Question Paper 2023

You can also get access to the previous year’s question papers for CBSE classes 10 and 12 from the website. It helps you cover syllabus topics relevant to the upcoming exams.


CBSE Class 10

Class 10 question papers from the previous years are available on the official website, where you can get concept ideas and direct questions + answers. It covers every subject you are planning to appear in during your private/public board exam.


CBSE Class 12

CBSE class 12 previous question papers have evolved over the years owing to the changes and upgrades over the years. But it serves a clear role in supporting you to understand the requirements of answering various question types and how to proceed with the same during the board finals.

CBSE Grading System 2023 for Class 10 & 12

The new and improved grading system for CBSE classes 10 & 12 means that students will experience a nine-point grading system. It consists of grades from A to E, with the grading scale covering pointers for lower to upper grades in the range A1, A2, B1, B2, etc. It is an extension of the earlier adopted five-point grading scale that the CBSE followed in recent years.


The model question papers marked under the SQP serial numbers are perfect for assisting students in preparation for their CBSE board exams. Don’t forget to download the papers from the website and try to spend extra time on subjects and sample questions that are harder from your perspective.

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